Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 220

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 222

Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in /var/www/cork/wp-includes/class-walker-nav-menu.php on line 224

软木塞

int(123)

一个软木塞中含多少个细胞?
一吨软木可用于生产多少软木塞?
软木塞可以回收吗?
……

软木塞问答

一吨软木可用于生产多少软木塞?
软木小百科-软木塞

每吨厚软木树皮可以平均生产66,700个软木塞。

一个软木塞中含多少个细胞?
软木小百科-软木塞

每平方厘米的软木有近4,000万个细胞,一个软木塞里会有近8亿个细胞。

软木塞是唯一一种对环境有积极影响的瓶塞吗?
软木小百科-软木塞

是的。普华永道曾进行软木塞生命周期的分析,对软木塞、铝制螺旋盖和工业制造瓶塞的生命周期进行了对比。结果显示,每个软木塞可以吸收112gCO2,铝制螺旋盖会释放37.2gCO2,工业制造瓶塞会释放14.8gCO2

软木塞的使用历史有多久?
软木小百科-软木塞

古埃及人和古罗马时代的人留下了一些使用软木的遗迹。在法国,人们发现了一个装满葡萄酒的公元前三世纪的双耳土罐, 罐中的酒仍保存完好。软木的使用历史可追溯至17世纪末。

软木塞可以回收吗?
软木小百科-软木塞

是的。软木塞是百分百纯天然的产品,可降解,即使丢弃也不会对环境造成污染。然而,软木塞是完全可回收再利用的。虽然回收后的软木塞不会再用于制造生产软木塞,但其可用于制成地板、墙板、隔热隔音材料、记事板、竞赛的皮划艇、羽毛球拍、网球和板球、汽车和航天飞机部件、时尚衣饰、艺术设计品等等。

为什么要回收软木塞?
软木小百科-软木塞

环境保护是软木塞回收的一个最重要的原因之一。软木塞可吸收储存于栓皮栎树皮中的CO2粒子。如果被分解或焚烧,会释放CO2到大气中,加速全球变暖。回收软木塞可以使CO2继续储存于软木中而不释放于空气中。每吨软木塞可以吸收1.83吨CO2,回收的软木用途广泛,软木回收后,其储存CO2的功能得以延续。另一方面,通过软木循环使用,减少资源浪费,也减少生产其他替代用品的双关成本。

每年通常会生产多少软木塞?
软木小百科-软木塞

全世界每年会生产120亿个软木塞,如果我们将这些软木塞连起来,将可以绕整个地球15圈。

为什么软木是优质的葡萄酒封装材料?
软木小百科-软木塞

天然软木具有质轻、易压缩、弹性恢复、可再生、防水、耐磨性、耐热性与防腐性等独特而非工业制造可比拟的物理和化学特性,是数百年来最佳的葡萄酒瓶塞材料。 软木允许微量的氧气进入到葡萄酒中,这对葡萄酒封装后的继续酝酿是有利的。但我们需要进行更多的研究来全面地了解软木对葡萄酒酝酿的贡献。 此外,Twin Top双圆片、香槟塞、Neutrocork等技术软木塞的推出拓展了软木塞的产品范围,可以满足各款葡萄酒和不同市场的需要。 软木塞经过灌装过程中的适当处理以确保发挥最佳的性能,是无与伦比的葡萄酒封装材料。

大多数葡萄酒在封装后数月内就会被饮用,所以葡萄酒的继续酝酿与瓶塞的作用是否其实也并不重要?
软木小百科-软木塞

酿酒师也许会向消费者建议最佳饮用日期,但他们无法控制葡萄酒何时被饮用。酿酒师必须确保,无论酒何时被饮用,瓶塞的密封性都能持续有效。事实已经证明软木塞对于窖藏数十年的葡萄酒是一种有效的密封材料。专为早期饮用葡萄酒而设计的Twin Top双圆片等技术软木塞即使在封瓶超过5年的比较测试中仍然表现出良好的性能。 认识到无论葡萄酒何时被饮用,软木塞都能够达到出色的密封效果,而不会出现其他密封材料可能带来的过早氧化或硫化物气味等问题,酿酒师可以放心地使用软木塞进行装瓶。

随着葡萄酒化学知识的进步,将来是否有可能确定酒在封装后所需的氧气并依此选择合适的螺旋盖或技术软木塞?
软木小百科-软木塞

葡萄酒封装后的化学变化是非常复杂的。我们仍需要做很多工作去了解所有的影响因素,更不用说针对每款酒的风格、产区或年份来作独立测试。另一方面,几百年来软木塞一直都展现着其卓越的性能。随着我们对软木塞了解的深入,我们方能够进一步提高其性能。

“如果尝试生产一种可满足所有葡萄酒的低透氧瓶塞,结果只会导各款酒有不同的效果,而非同款酒的个别瓶中产生不同效果……就目前来看,要葡萄酒完全不受任何硫化物的影响是对酿酒师的一个严苛的要求,我们目前无法达到或也不希望去达到这些要求。”

澳大利亚及新西兰葡萄种植商和酿酒师
2005年技术期刊
A. LIMMER,“软木塞会呼吸吗?及硫磺味的根源”

软木塞作为葡萄酒封装材料是否已经过时?软木塞是否只能占有一小部分葡萄酒瓶塞市场份额且只主要用于优质葡萄酒?
软木小百科-软木塞

软木塞在今天仍然很重要。生产商有效地解决了TCA污染的问题,并不断致力于性能改进。新的研究有助于我们更好地认识软木塞对葡萄酒酝酿所作出的独特贡献,并利用最新的研究成果来进一步提升我们的产品质量。我们并不认为仅凭一种瓶塞就可以覆盖每一类葡萄酒市场。

Ribéreau-Gayon已经证明葡萄酒的陈酿不需要氧气,那么软木塞对此还有没有作用?
软木小百科-软木塞

也许葡萄酒的酝酿不需要氧气,但透过软木塞进入的微量氧气是对葡萄酒有益的。当葡萄酒放在完全密封的玻璃容器中时,他们会呈现出释放类似硫化物气味的明显趋势。所以,葡萄酒或许能够继续酝酿,但其最终结果却会与酿酒师的期许大为不同。 法国波尔多第二大学研究人员发现,通过天然软木的氧气扩散的重要性远比Ribéreau-Gayon1933年的结论要高。

Ribéreau-Gayon使用的是类似比色法,但并没有记录瓶塞和酒瓶的特性以及存储条件,Lopes等人相信这些因素在一定程度上解释了1933年和2005年研究结果之间的一些差异。

澳大利亚葡萄酒行业期刊
2005年10月

因为处于垄断地位,软木供应商长期忽视这些问题且迄今仍未解决问题。情况真的已经改变了吗?
软木小百科-软木塞

的确,整个软木行业应对TCA污染问题的行动太迟缓了。但这一切都改变了,大量研发工作已经展开,致力提高软木塞的质量。 替代封装方式的出现给软木行业敲响了警钟,而竞争促进了质量的提升。 软木塞中TCA问题已经得到了有效解决,而替代封装方式中的问题仍然存在;事实上,螺旋盖的支持者们都拒绝承认他们所遇到的问题。

软木塞与工业制造和螺旋盖相比,具有价格竞争优势吗?
软木小百科-软木塞

阿莫林生产的高品质瓶塞极具竞争力,能够满足每个市场和不同价位的选择。事实上,在一些市场中,Neutrocork等软木塞的价格仅为工业制造现价的一半。 鉴于瓶塞对封葡萄酒陈酿的重要作用,我们鼓励酿酒师确保他们所购买的是高品质的瓶塞。阿莫林的业务人员可以为每款葡萄酒推荐最合适的瓶塞。

全球软木供应是否存在短缺情况?
软木小百科-栓皮栎, 软木小百科-软木

葡萄牙的软木能够满足未来100年的需求。在一项欧盟资助的大规模重新造林计划的扶持下,栓皮栎林的面积以每年4%的速度增长。产自阿尔及利亚、突尼斯和摩洛哥等北非国家的高品质软木也已经投入商业化生产。 最重要的是,高品质的技术软木塞实现了软木资源的优化利用。