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软木趣事

int(84)

天然软木源于伊比利亚半岛,有很多有趣的故事可与大家分享。

充满惊喜的软木世界

软木是一种100%纯天然的原材料,源于伊比利亚半岛,它拥有许多生动的故事和有趣的知识
等待着人们去探索发现。

第一瓶可口可乐,于1894年至1899年期间问世,而且是用软木塞进行封装的。

采剥软木时,不需要砍伐树木,也不会对树木造成任何损伤。采收之后,栓皮栎的树皮会进行自我再生,任何其他树种都不具备这一功能。

葡萄牙著名艺术家Joana Vasconcelos采用软木对Trafaria Praia轮船进行改造,这艘轮船亮相威尼斯双年展时让人耳目一新。Trafaria Praia运用各种鲜明的葡萄牙文化元素而实现了华丽蜕变。软木作为Trafaria Praia的装饰品,格外引人注目,在技术性和美学多变性方面功能优越。

2007年,葡萄牙邮政和葡萄牙议会推出了第一枚软木邮票,发行量为2.3万张。

微波辐射能够使软木的体积增加40%至80%,而不会损伤其特性。该项目由位于里斯本的 Instituto Superior de Agronomia 大学研发,并成功入围欧洲专利局的2013年度发明奖。

1964年,软木成功通过了美国宇航局的运载火箭材料性能测试,当时的速度为每秒1.79万英尺。

在1665年,英国科学家Robert Hooke使用新发明的显微镜率先观察到了软木的结构,并将这些蜂窝状的结构称为“细胞”,该术语一直沿用至今。

世界上最古老的可饮用香槟酒采用软木塞进行封装。这瓶香槟酒随沉船一起落入波罗的海海底长达200多年,直到21世纪才被发现,仍然完好无损。

世界上最早的一种救生圈是以软木作为原材料而制成的。这种出现在18世纪末的救生圈被称为Marine Spencer,用油帆布做成圆圈,并在上面用结实的绳子固定了800个软木塞。

塑料塞排放的CO2超过软木塞的10倍。铝盖的CO2排放量比软木塞多24倍。

17世纪,本笃会修道士唐·培里侬(Dom Pérignon),选择软木来密封他的著名香槟酒。

Plant a cork oak for your grandchildren(前人栽树,后人乘凉), 这是一句古老又充满智慧的葡萄牙谚语。这句谚语的诞生缘于,栓皮栎需要生长40多年,才可以开始采收到厚度适中的优质软木用于制作天然软木塞。

葡萄牙率先颁布立法对栓皮栎林进行保护。目前,葡萄牙是在此领域进行立法的主要国家。

西班牙巴塞罗那圣家大教堂(Sagrada Familia Cathedral)的地面用软木地板铺就,以起到隔音和保暖的作用。

大航海时代,软木是打造船只的原材料之一,助探险家勘察未知海域。二战期间,软木也被用于制造军事装备。

全球最昂贵的威士忌Dalmore Trinitas 64采用葡萄牙软木塞进行封装,每瓶价值11.8万欧元。

公元前3000年,埃及人和波斯人就已开始使用软木,并很快将其用于密封双耳土罐或其他葡萄酒容器。

每立方厘米的软木含有近4000万个细胞,每一个天然软木塞则含有约8亿个细胞。

2010年在葡萄牙首都里斯本召开的北约峰会上,软木时装和配饰被作为礼物赠送给了美国总统奥巴马、德国总理默克尔和希拉里·克林顿等政界名人。当时的美国总统奥巴马还收到了专为他的葡萄牙水犬Bo制作的颈圈。

好莱坞使用软木来模拟爆炸时产生的碎片。《捉鬼敢死队》和《碟中谍》等电影的爆炸场面中都找能到软木的踪迹。

一个天然软木塞可以吸收112克二氧化碳

全球最大、最古老的栓皮栎被称为 吹哨树(Whistler Tree),因有许多鸣鸟在这棵树上筑巢而得名。这棵栓皮栎种植于1783年。其高度现已超过14米,树干周长为4.15米。

在古希腊,栓皮栎被视为自由和荣誉的象征,只有牧师才可以砍伐。

一吨软木板可以生产约6.7万个软木塞。

18世纪, 葡萄牙港口贸易繁盛,软木塞产业也开始在葡萄牙北部蓬勃发展。当年工人打孔制塞,平均每分钟可生产3个软木塞。

全球每年生产的软木塞连接起来足够绕地球15圈。