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可持续发展

int(278)

软木有助于确保Montado地区的可持续发展,促进大自然的平衡并维系着与之息
息相关的生态系统。软木行业倡导环境、经济和社会的可持续发展,因而具有广阔
的发展前景,能够为人类构建美好未来提供保障。

软木的源头即栓皮栎林-葡萄牙软木协会图片库

环保

栓皮栎林有利于环境保护,是自然馈赠给人类的珍宝之一,其卓越的环境
保护功能包括保护土壤、调节水循环、减少碳排放和保护生物多样性等。
此外,软木的采收也同样运用环保和可持续发展的方式,在此过程中不会
砍伐树木。

葡萄牙里斯本农学院(Instituto Superior de Agronomia)在其发布的研
究报告中指出,每公顷栓皮栎林每年可吸收约6吨CO2。相应地,葡萄
牙的栓皮栎林每年可吸收的CO2 超过400万吨。由此推算,地中海地
区的栓皮栎林(共210万公顷)每年可吸收近1400万吨CO2

社会经济

软木的市场价格决定了栓皮栎林是屈指可数的几种真正可持续发展的森林类型之
一。尽管软木制品的种类繁多,但葡萄酒酒塞是软木行业发展的主要推动力,占
到软木市场价值的70%。

葡萄牙一直走在软木行业的最前沿,是软木生产、加工和销售的全球领导者。葡
萄牙是全球最大的栓皮栎产地,拥有的栓皮栎林面积超过73万公顷(占全球总面
积的34%),可生产10万吨软木(占总量的50%)。葡萄牙还是世界上最大的软
木产品出口国,拥有63%的全球市场份额,相当于9.37亿欧元。

70%

葡萄酒酒塞占到软木
市场价值的70%

73万

葡萄牙的栓皮栎林
面积超过73万公顷

10万

全球最大的栓皮栎产地
可生产10万吨软木

9.364亿

世界上最大的软木产品出口国
拥有9.364亿欧元的市场份额

软木的源头即栓皮栎林02-葡萄牙软木协会图片库

软木及软木制品出口占到了葡萄牙商品出口总
额的2%,出口总额的1.2%,贸易顺差为7.639亿欧元。
据葡萄牙国家统计局(INE)披露,软木占到:

  • 林业总增值(GVA)的16%;
  • 国家总增值(GVA)的2%;
  • 工业总增值(GVA) 的7%。

软木也是葡萄牙林业的第三大支柱,占其出口创汇的19.3%。